1 Chronicles 3 & 4


1 Chronicles 3 Continuation….
The family of David: 1 Chronicles 2:10-17 continues here. This is a combined list of Descendants of David in 3 sections.
1. David’s Children (3:1-9),
2. Solomon and the kings of Judah (10-16),
3. The Postexilic generations (17-24): Though monarchy fell and ceased to function after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C., the author continues the genealogy to testify to the promise of AN ENDURING “HOUSE” for David, through which the everlasting Kingdom of God would be established. READ 1 Chronicles 17: 10 – 14. (We will see more on this passage next week)
2:16,17 …Zedekiah… He is the last king of Judah during Babylonian imprisonment. The chronicler continues the genealogy till his day.
2:19…Zerubabel… SEE THE ATTACHED TIMELINE. He is the one who played a central role in the restoration of the temple (Ezra 5:2; Hag. 1:12–15). Read Matthew 1:12, & Luke 3:27. Matthew brings the genealogy through Solomon, the son of David (King of Kings), whereas Luke brings the genealogy through Nathan, another son of David (Son of Man). It is assumed that Zerubabel (Seed from Babylon) is an adopted through levirate marriage.

The only famous man of that house that we meet with at their return from captivity was Zerubbabel,… he was the signet ring God plucked from his right hand (Jer. 22:24 ), and in his room Zerubbabel was placed, and therefore God saith to him (Hag. 2:23 ), I will make thee as a signet ring. The posterity of Zerubbabel here bear not the same names that they do in the genealogies (Matthew 1 & Luke 3, ), but those no doubt were taken from the then herald’s office, the public registers which the priests kept of all the families of Judah, especially that of David. – Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

2:19…Anani… He is the last one to be mentioned in this line. As we have seen, the chronicler drawing the lineage of David until his time. By this time, they had all the prophetical writings through which Ezra and the people had the Messianic hope focused on the David’s lineage, but does not specify how or through whom the Messiah would come in the Davidic family.

1 Chronicles 4 – Descendants of Judah & Simeon:
4:1-20…Shobal….. Again the chronicler goes back to mention other descendants of Judah. In Chapter 2 he takes the lineage through Perez, son of Judah, as it leads to David and to Anani. Now, he is taking the lineage from Perez’s brother Shobal (4:1-20).
Jabez (4:9&10)… The theme of these verses is that God answers a prayer from the heart (not from the flesh). He prayed for territorial expansion and divine protection. Verse 10 says that God granted what he asked for. There are other places like I Chronicles 5:20& 22 and 2 Chronicles 20:6-12 where God answered their prayers.
4:13…Othniel….. Othniel was the first major judge we see in the book of Judges. He was Caleb’s nephew (Joshua 15:17)
4:21-23…Shelah… Again in 21-23, he mentions the lineage of Judah’s 3rd son Shelah through former wife. Also these are the people linen workers and potters.
Lineage of the tribe of Simeon (4:24-43)…
The tribe of Simeon is considered next because its allotted territory lay within Judah’s borders and was taken from that tribe (vv. 28–33; see Josh. 19:1–9), though by David’s time (1 Chron. 4:31) Simeon had been largely absorbed back into Judah. Nevertheless, some Simeonite clans maintained their tribal identity through genealogical records (vv. 34–38), which would have included the historical notes of two military expansions undertaken to relieve the pressures of overpopulation (v. 38): one westward into Philistine territory in the days of Hezekiah in the eighth century B.C. (vv. 39–41), and another into the southern part of the Negeb (vv. 42–43). The westward campaign to Gedor (probably “Gerar”) is depicted in the language of the conquest under Joshua: marked … for destruc tion (v. 41) signifies the religious kherem (Hb.) or “ban,” in which a pagan people and their goods were “devoted” or wholly destroyed (see note on 1 Sam. 15:3).- ESV Study Bible

Timeline of the Babylonian Captivity
612 Babylonians and Medes conquer Assyria
605 Babylonians battle Egyptians at Carchemish
605 Nebuchadnezzar becomes king of Babylon
605 The Babylonians invaduue Judah
605 First wave of deportation of Jews to Babylon
605 Daniel is taken captive and begins to prophesy
601 Babylonians battle Egypt, both sides suffer losses
601 Judah decides to realign itself with Egypt, Jeremiah warns
597 Jehoachin becomes king of Judah
597 Babylonians capture Jerusalem
597 Second wave of deportation to Babylon from Judah.
597 Ezekiel is taken captive to Babylon
597 Zedekiah becomes king of Judah
593 Ezekiel begins to prophesy
586 The Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and the Temple (9th of Av)
586 Jerusalem’s walls and gates are burned with fire
586 Third wave of Jews deported to Babylon
586 Babylonian Exile (Galut Bavel) begins
586 End of Biblical (First Temple) Period
586 The end of the monarchy in Judah
539 The Fall of Babylon
539 Beginning of the Persian Period to 332
539 The Decree of Cyrus II allowing Jews to return
516 The Jews rebuild their Temple (70 years)

Panorama of Ezra-Nehemiah

Return under zerubbabel The influence of Esther (484-465 B.C) Return under Ezra Return under Nehemiah
Rebuilding the Temple Spiritual reform Constructing the walls of Jerusalem
Ezra 1-6
Ezra 7-10
Nehemiah 1-13